Plenary meeting to launch the Guadeloupe Regional COP

We were there

The context

On Tuesday, November 14, 2023, at 2:15 p.m., the plenary meeting to launch the Regional COP (Regional Conference of the Parties) was held at the Raizet regional space. TCGNRG was there and gives you its reading of the exchanges and this new system for ecological planning

According to the Ministry of Ecology website, the Regional COP aims to « […] à décliner région par région, à l’échelle de l’action concrète, ces objectifs nationaux de réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre, de biodiversité, de préservation des ressources ,e d’économie circulaire et d’adaptation. »1 (“[…] to decline region by region, on the scale of concrete action, these national objectives for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity, resource preservation, circular economy and adaptation.”)

The parties concerned are « […] les collectivités d’une part, mais aussi les entreprises, les associations et les fédérations professionnelles. »1 (“[…] communities on the one hand, but also companies, associations and professional federations.”)

The provisional calendar for the Regional COPs provides: « […] Cet hiver (décembre en Guadeloupe) : établissement d’un diagnostic partagé et co-construit avec les collectivités territoriales; Au printemps 2024 (mars-avril en Guadeloupe) : co-construction avec tous les acteurs des leviers d’action; À l’été 2024 (juin-juillet en Guadeloupe) : pour chaque COP, finalisation des feuilles de route pour l’horizon 2030, au sein du territoire. »1 (“[…] This winter (December in Guadeloupe): establishment of a shared and co-constructed diagnosis with local authorities; In spring 2024 (March-April in Guadeloupe): co-construction of action levers with all stakeholders; In the summer of 2024 (June-July in Guadeloupe): for each COP, finalization of roadmaps for 2030, within the territory.”)

The joint invitation from the prefecture and the Guadeloupe Region of November 10, 2023

calls for « […] (aujourd’hui) de construire une stratégie avec les acteurs de terrain pour élaborer un projet de territoire qui contribue aux objectifs nationaux de transition écologique » (“[…] (today) to build a strategy with field stakeholders to develop a territorial project that contributes to the national objectives of ecological transition”) through the meeting to launch ecological planning in the territory.

By organizing the launch plenary, on November 14th, Guadeloupe is the second French region to launch its COP after the Grand Est region and the first outermost region. Guadeloupe therefore wants to be at the head of the regions for ecological planning even though public transport is poorly developed, recycling is almost non-existent and aquatic environments are dramatic both chemically and ecologically. We must hope that the energy put into embracing this new body will make it possible to bring about real change and not anachronistic decision-making by a developing region applying the references of the former 6th world power.

Progress of the launch plenary

After the introductory remarks from the Prefecture, the Regional Council, the Departmental Council, the association of Mayors and the Minister in charge of Ecological Transition and Territorial Cohesion and in charge of the Territorialization of ecological planning (recorded video), three presentations were made to introduce the climatic and ecological context of Guadeloupe:

A first presentation was by a lecturer from the University of the Antilles on the climate of Guadeloupe. Unfortunately, the presentation was more focused on the work carried out by his research group than on the state of knowledge of the climate of Guadeloupe. This is undoubtedly linked to the underfunding for research, particularly on climate change, granted to the University of Antilles.

The second presentation was that of the Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME) Guadeloupe on the issues of climate change and the reduction of greenhouse gases. Unfortunately, this presentation was based on a political definition of the uses of biofuels and not a physical or climatic one. The switch to biofuels at the Jarry thermal power station will make it possible to consider, thanks to the political definition of renewable energies, that Guadeloupe’s electricity network will be 100% based on renewable energies by 2024-2026. In fact, this thermal power station and that of Le Moule (bagasse/wood/coal) rely on fossil and non-renewable energies. These two power plants therefore have nothing physically (i.e. climatically) green. ADEME Guadeloupe considers that the main challenge will be transport, which is true, but the matter of the electrical network and electricity production is not proportionally resolved. Questions and comments from the public on the Multi-year Energy Program (PPE) and the place given to Geothermal Energy showed the non-acceptance of the energy trajectory proposed by the Guadeloupe Region. The question of energy does not generate consensus among the population and is still far from being climatically virtuous.

The third presentation on the state of biodiversity in Guadeloupe was made by the president of the board of directors of the French Biodiversity Office (OFB). The latter is slow to establish itself as a scientific reference on biodiversity in Guadeloupe, despite its academic qualifications. Numerous questions and comments have, also for this subject, shown the population’s non-acceptance of the current management of the territory and in particular of its biodiversity.

The numerous tensions during this introduction sequence suggest that the conditions are not met for peaceful exchanges on the two issues of climate and biodiversity, both on the side of civil society which denounces a refusal of democracy and of the elected representatives of the regional majority who have difficulty accepting comments and reproaches. The recent update of the PPE and the Regional Plan for Economic Development, Innovation and Internationalization (SRDEII) showed this, leaving a strong feeling in civil society which had mobilized.

The proposals made by DEAL Guadeloupe provide that the Regional COP will work with six thematic groups which will have to work on the six themes of France Nation Verte (France Green Nation), that is to say: better housing, better travel, better protection of our ecosystems, better produce, eat better, consume better. A final group will be responsible for the synthesis. The regional COP will have to propose regional planning to meet national commitments. A list of action levers must therefore be proposed, 52 of which have already been identified by France Nation Verte (see elements of this list at the end of the document), to resolve the five environmental challenges of mitigation, adaptation, biodiversity, resource management and health by 2030.

The main question that can be asked is whether this approach has a chance of proposing a direction consistent with the physical realities of the Guadeloupe archipelago and allowing it to develop while taking its share of responsibility for the reduction of greenhouse gases and protection of (global) biodiversity.

Our analysis of the situation

Three elements may suggest that the chances are that this new approach will lead to an impasse, a waste of time and a destabilization of the governance of the Guadeloupe region.

The first element is the experience of the citizens’ climate convention. 150 citizens drawn by a lot full of goodwill who after more than nine (9) months of work made proposals full of common sense, but which did not go in the direction of power and were therefore rejected in the vast majority in the limbo of history (90%). This while not even give the French Parliament the opportunity to discuss these proposals. No one can deny that bottom-up is no longer working in the French Republic in particular since April 23, 2017. The choice to propose the establishment of Regional COPs is based on the same approach as the convention citizen for the climate: an up-bottom decision imposed and not previously discussed. Living conditions are still impacted by climate variations and the level of knowledge being the same when 2019, the chances that the proposals of the Regional COPs will be the same as those of the citizens’ climate convention are great. The proposals were not accepted in 2019, there is no reason for them to be accepted in 2024. Because even if they are declined at the regional level they will have consequences at the national level with a break with the capitalist system and trade at all costs.

The second element which suggests a waste of time is the proposed timetable and the very short deadlines. Proposing in less than six (6) months concrete, realistic and quantified ecological planning options for an archipelagic territory with so much missing information on the current and future climate is at best a sweet dream and at worst a lack of knowledge of the territory. The recurring lack of resources within public services has gradually led to a loss of skills, knowledge and capacity to act. The current situation with too partial knowledge of the territory and the inability to offer simulations on the economic, political and social consequences of decisions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and protect biodiversity will push us to work by the rules of thumb. And therefore to return to the subject frequently to adjust what could not be planned or correctly evaluated. The Regional COP system already foresees annual updates.

The third element which suggests a destabilization of the region or even the country of Guadeloupe is the absence of peaceful social dialogue. Recent exchanges between the majorities of the Regional Council or the Departmental Council and civil society leave little optimism regarding the acceptance of common sense measures which would go against current policies but would better protect our environment and our living environment. As an example, the curious citizen can refer to the revisions of the Multi-year Energy Program (PPE) and the Regional Plan for Economic Development, Innovation and Internationalization (SRDEII).

Effective and realistic ecological planning can only be carried out through a disruption in our mode of operation leading to profound changes in the economy and political governance. The current political power does not seem disposed to too much evolution or even ecological revolution.

In conclusion

TCGNRG will participate in workshops to which we are granted access. This is not with the aim of seeking the best solutions at the regional level for planning but rather to ensure that this moment of democracy is not stolen from civil society using misused scientific concepts such as vague notions of green and renewable energies.

Solutions for a lucid and just transition already exist, we can cite among others the massive development of geothermal energy, free public transport, the reduction of meat consumption, the reduction of processed foods, the development of subsistence agriculture based on agroforestry and permaculture, the promotion of clothing styles more in line with our climate, the revision of taxation to promote the development of production and the local economy, the development of local police powers, etc.

These solutions are only rarely implemented, because they will cause a significant change in the functioning of society and the balance of power. The lobbies of the old carbon world are powerful and have no desire to lose their privileges, the results of the citizens’ climate convention are proof of this.

For TCGNRG Jean-François Marc DORVILLE (


PDF version of the note


A non-exhaustive list of levers identified in the document Act better, ecological planning, summary of the plan, July 2023 (Mieux agir, la planification écologique, synthèse du plan, juillet 2023)

Low-Pressure and Sahara Dust from 7/27 to 7/28

For the last two days, a low-pressure zone and a layer of sand (dust) from the Sahara have been interacting in a harmonious dance.

Goes16 image for July 27 at 18:00 UTC
source :
Forecast of total Sahara dust in the air column of the SKIRON model for July 27 at 18:00 UTC
source :

The Sahara dust limits the development of cloud structures in the low-pressure area and its convective movements, with progressive weathering visible on the animation. The depression favours the transport of the layer of dust towards North America.

The presence of Saharan dust in the atmosphere of the North Atlantic has many negative effects on health, in particular by reducing air quality with the presence of fine particles and bacteria. It also impacts the environment with a strong greenhouse effect which favours heat waves and drying of the air which modifies the frequency and the quantity of rainfall.

Conversely, the presence of particles modifies atmospheric dynamics, in particular cyclogenesis. In an atmosphere overloaded with sand, convection is limited or even stopped, cyclones have less favourable conditions to form.

The presence of large quantities of sand from the Sahara modifies our understanding of meteorology in the North Atlantic but also of the current and future climate. Years with large concentrations of Sahara dust disturb our perception of climate change.

Animation of Goes16 satellite images from Wednesday, July 27 to Thursday, July 28, 2022

International Day of Forests 2022

Picture of Tropical Forest at Grand-Étang, Capesterre Belle-Eau

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has declared March 21st as the International Day of Forests.

Official poster of the International Day of Forests 2022

The forest as an ecological system is the basis of life and determines the supply of water, plant and animal resources, but also energy via wood, coal and peat for certain regions.

The forest performs many other missions, particularly in extreme environments such as in tropical areas with high rainfall where the stability of the soil is entirely their responsibility.

Few forest areas are preserved from the action of men, agriculture, logging and urbanization constitute the most visible threats, but the generalized use of pesticides and other chemical products weaken the components of these systems and push to their transformation.

New exotic species is also a major risk, globalization, the ease of the transport of goods with stowaways such as insects and snails, the desire to grow new plant species disturb forest systems with more or less serious and more or less lasting effects.

On the climate side, the role of the forest in the capture of atmospheric carbon is known but its role in rainfall is less so. Evaporation above forest areas allows a large number of microorganisms present on the leaves of trees to be found in the atmosphere and constitute as many condensation points for water vapour facilitating precipitation. A forest needs water to grow and facilitates rainfall.

The forest is a complex system, they all have their specificity and uniqueness, dry, wet, maritime. To enter a forest is to enter a full universe that deserves respect and protection like the oceans. Forests are essential to our life on this planet.

On this international day, ask yourself the question of the last time you went to the forest. If it’s been too long, plan a visit to reconnect with the biological reality of our planet and adapt our lifestyle.

#Forest #FAO #InternationalDay #Complex #Biology #Protection #Future #TCGNRG

Poster of the selected theme of the International Day of Forest: Sustainable wood

Read More :

World Wetland Day 2021

Wetland area are essential are for the biodiversity and the availability of water for environment. Too often, in the tropical area, these areas are confused with mangle swamp which is composed them. But there are more extensive and got many shades which made them zones too little known and studied

#WWD2021 #WetLand2021

Water Resource Notebook of Guadeloupe

The Caribbean Geophysical and Numerical Research Group is proud to announce the publication of the first notebook on the water resource of Guadeloupe edited by OREC Guadeloupe (Regional Energy & Climate Observatory) named « LA RESSOURCE EN EAU ET LE CHANGEMENT CLIMATIQUE » (WATER RESOURCE AND CLIMATE CHANGE)

This document is the fruit of the collaborative work of the technical committee of the water resource of the Regional Climate Expert Group of Guadeloupe composed by ten members form University of Antilles, BRGM (French Geological and Mining Research Office), IPGP-OBSERA (Earth Physic Institute of Paris – Observatory of water and erosion in the French West Indies), INRAe (French National Institute of Agronomic Research and Environment), Flè Kawbon (Carbon Flower -Design Office-), Office de l’Eau Guadeloupe (Water Office of Guadeloupe), TCGNRG and supervised by OREC Guadeloupe (Mrs Cynthia Bonine and Amélie Belfort).

The writing of the document has been committed to Jean-François Dorville et Romain Rochette who could not go to the end of this project by lack of time.

The document is intended for institutions and the general public. It inventors the available resource, presents the climatic projections and theirs expected effects but also the possible actions to mitigate them.

The document is composed of 40 pages, 22 illustrations, 4 tables and 20 pictures. It is organized in four parts:

  • A presentation of climate of Guadeloupe and its main features
  • An inventory of the water resource, mainly those which benefit from an administrative following.
  • A presentation of the climate prevision, mainly those which come from C3AF up to 2080 (IPPC RCP8.5 scenario), and their expected effects on the water resource and their usage.
  • A presentation of levers of action, means and methods available to mitigate the future effects

The document if freely downloadable in French on that link : Cahier_de_l_eau

A long abstract will be available soon

TCGNRG hopes that it will become a reference in the Caribbean area. We still available to answer to any questions on the field (

YouTube link of the video of presentation (in French with subtitle) : YouTube

Link to press article

RCI Guadeloupe (13/11/2020) :

France Antilles Guadeloupe (11/11/2020) :

France Antilles Guadeloupe (17/11/2020):

# JamGreenDesal Blog #4

Ability to be maintained at a certain rate or level : sustainability is an important concept developed those last thirty years when limits of our resources have been clearly identified (i.e., fossil fuel, minerals, sand, freshwater).

#JamGreenDesal presents in this fourth post how our freshwater resource is distributed and how modern life can impact it. Current situation with Climate Change and effective global warming as European countries which have experiencing higher temperature since modern methodology this summer (UK 38.5°C, France 46°C) push to figure out what will be our freshwater next month, next season and next century.

The sustainability of your provision in freshwater will depend of our usage and also the production. Green desalination can be part of the solution.

#GreenEnergy #EnergyNeed #RenewableEnergy #FreshWater #Desalination #ClimateChange #DrinkableWater #water #Cleanwater #AlternativeEnergy #Potablewater

A survey is still running to better understand relation between Jamaican and Freshwater, and how Jamaican consumed and manage freshwater. If you have 5 minutes and reside or have resided in Jamaica please help us and answer to the survey on this link

#JamGreenDesal Blog #3

Green is not only a buzzword is also a working concept which try to fix the gap between Laws of Nature and human activity. Limited resource of earth can only push human being to better and cautiously used energy, mineral matter and organic molecules (i.e., vegetable & animal) matter.

Somes unconscious person think we will be able to find a second planet to exploit quickly, but that won’t be case before long time. It is better for us to focus on what is already available.

This third post of the Jamaican Green Desalination Project explain main feature of a Desalination plant which can be called Green.

#GreenEnergy #EnergyNeed #RenewableEnergy #FreshWater #Desalination #ClimateChange #DrinkableWater #water #Cleanwater #AlternativeEnergy #Potablewater

A survey is still running to better understand relation between Jamaican and Freshwater. If you have 5 minutes and reside or have resided in Jamaica please help us and answer to the survey on this link

#JamGreenDesal : Freshwater in Jamaica Survey

To retrieve essential information of Freshwater and Jamaican for the Jamaican Green Desalination Project (#JamGreenDesal),

To retrieve essential information of Freshwater and Jamaican for the Jamaican Green Desalination Project (#JamGreenDesal), UWI Mona and TCGNRG have launch a public survey on Freshwater in Jamaica. The goal is to have around two thousand answers to have a significant point of view of this complex relation will be more tenuous with climate change effect. The triple economic development – environmental respect – human well being are antagonist and will ask many knowledge in order to reach balance.

We invite you to answer and broadcast the link of the survey will be open up to October 2019.

Result of the survey will be available on the TCGNRG web page soon

Result of the survey will be available on the TCGNRG web page soon

#JamGreenDesal Blog #1

Some news : The Jamaican Green Desalination Project (#JamGreenDesal) was officially launch in its public phase. This project is a collaboration between UWI Mona and TCGNRG. Led by Zachary Williams through his MPhil. More information are available on the official webpage

This project try to build the tools to design Desalination Plant powering by Renewable Energy (i.e., solar, wind, wave)

In parallel a survey is running to better understand relation between Jamaican and Freshwater. If you have 5 minute and reside in Jamaica please help us and answer to the survey on this link

Sargassum on West coast of Martinique

Illustration 1 : Oceanographic and Meteorological data for beginning of June 2019

June 1st and 2nd 2019 beaching of sargassum were observed on the Caribbean coast of Martinique (Fort-de-France, Schoelcher). This type of beaching has been rare since 2011 and the over-abundance of drifting sargassum rafts in the North Atlantic and the Caribbean Sea.

Each year one or two beaching are observed on this coast from Fort-de-France to the Prêcheur. They take place only under favourable oceanographic and meteorological conditions.

The breakdown of the Trade Wind felt after the passage of a tropical wave favoured the action of the Southwest currents. Sargassum beds generally extend northward along the Caribbean coast pushed by the East wind and sea currents. This Sunday June 2nd pelagic algae were trapped by the shallow waters of creeks and bays.

In two days of presence, the decomposition of algae forced their collection on the small artificialized Cove of Batelière at Schoelcher (500 on 200m), due to emanation of di-oxyde of sulphide and ammonia (SO2, NH3). This rapid decomposition can obviously be explained by the age of the rafts that went aground. But also by relatively high water temperatures (27.9-28.5 ° C) which decreases dissolved oxygen concentrations in the water of the order of 1 to 2 mg per litre and therefore anoxic decomposition (i.e., without oxygen ).

The quality of the water is another element to take into account. Only the quality for bathing is continuously monitoring. The last map, published by the Regional Office of Health (ARS), available from (illustration 2) indicates for the beach of Batelière a ‘good’ quality. This measure is misleading because it indicates only the frequency of the presence of certain bacteria of faecal origin but not the capacity of the ecosystem to withstand anthropogenic or natural pollution.

Illustration 2 : Map of Water Quality for Martinique’s bathing of 2018

The runoff water related to this tropical wave (give a name) to degrade the quality of the water, on the biological and physiochemical point, making this area more sensitive to the presence of large amount of living organism.

It is essential to take better account of bathing water quality in the determination of areas exposed to the risk of decomposition pollution of seaweed-type algae. To better prepare the pickup procedures and necessary equipment.

TCGNRG can help you design better risk maps for over-concentration of seaweed based on environmental conditions and better organised your organic matter collection and your recovery procedures. Do not hesitate to contact us